Jogulaamba devi temple, alampuramPosted: November 25, 2012
History of Jogulamba devi temple
Jogulaamba devi temple is one of the prominent Ashtadasha Sakti-peethas in our country. It is located in the Alampuram village of Paalamooru (Mahaboob Nagar) district of Andhra Pradesh.
Sati-devi immolated herself up in the Daksha prajapati’s yajna, because she felt insulted that she was not invited and Daksha was vilifying Her husband, Siva. Siva kills Daksha prajapati and does tandava with the body of Sati, called Daakshaayani (daughter of Daksha.) He later brings Daksha back to life, upon Gods’ prayers. To keep the universe from vilaya tandava destruction, Sudarshana chakra is fired which cuts the body of Sati-devi into pieces and different parts of her body are thrown across Bhaarat. It is said that the upper teeth of Sati-devi fell in Alampur, where Jogulaamba devi temple is constructed.
In this kshetra, Siva is called by the name Sri Baala-Brahmeshwara swamy. Jogulaamba devi is a very furious manifestation. The prarthana shloka here is:
लम्बस्तनीं विकृताक्षीं घोररूपां महाबलां | प्रेतासन-समारूढां, जोगुलाम्बां नमाम्यहं ||
This is one of the ancient temples. It was constructed by Baadaami Chaalukyas. Several other kings have contributed to the enhancements of the temples here. But in 1390 CE, the Bahamani-sultans have started destroying these temples. The local leaders gave tough fight. As part of that, the devotees there have taken away the deity of Jogulaamba and hidden it in the Paataaleshwara temple of the Baala-Brahmeshwara temple premises. After independence, ASI (Archaeological Society of India) has declared it as a protected monument and didn’t allow reconstruction of Jogulaamba temple. Several local leaders including Sri Gadiyaram Ramakrishna Sarma have worked to force the authorities to initiate construction of the temple, which was completed and opened for public darsan in 2005. This is was consecrated by the Sankaracharya of Kanchi Kamakoti peetham.
The new temple is surrounded by a water pool, beautifully constructed with sandstone sculptures. Alampur is a place of temples, all constructed along the bank of river tunga-bhadra. In addition to Jogulaamba and Baala-Brahmeshwara temples, there are nava Brahma, yoga Naarasimha swamy, Kanchi Kaamaakshi, Veeraanjaneya swamy, Paapa-vinaashaneshwara swamy temples.
Some unique features
- This is the third kshetra for Soorya Naaraayana swamy, next to Konark and Arasavalli
- All temples are sculpted out of sand-stone, unlike granite which is popular in all other south Indian temples
- The only Sakti peetha which is situated on the banks of a running river, tunga-bhadra
- In the premises of Baala-Brahmeshwara swamy temple, there are several named lingas around the parikrama of the temple. One with the base (panavaTTam) is the linga worshipped by Sri Raama, and the other one, plain linga, was worshipped by LakshmaNa, when they were here during their aranya vaasa.
Renuka devi temple
It is told that Rishi Jamadagni lived here with his wife Renuka and four sons. Upon a mistake done by Renuka-devi, Jamadagni asks his sons to kill her. The elder three sons dare not and refuse. Parashurama kills her with his axe. Pleased, Jamadagni then gives him a boon to ask for. Parashurama in return asks for his mother. Jamadagni brings her back to life.
It is said that Jogulaamba devi is a very powerful, ferocious deity. During the fight of invasion and destruction by Bahmani sultans, one of their leaders was killed there. So, they constructed a tomb for him and built a compound wall around one of our temples there. The temple captured inside their compound is an unfortunate and a rare event. In all other temples in the country like Varanasi, Mathura, ayodhya, vemulavada etc, the current muslim structures are adjacent to, or inside our temples. Whereas, in this city, they have occupied our land, and constructed a darga around our temple.
When the author visited Jogulaamba recently, the muslims from the darga were pleading the visitors and devotees to visit their darga and do dharma (donate money.) It’s very sad to see a muslim structure arund every prominent, ancient Hindu temple, which is a symbol of the terrorism they exerted on Hindus, the society, their temples, culture and civilization.
It seems, there is no historical muslim structure in India which is not built on the ruins of, or after attempting to ruin Hindu temples. In this context, Bhagyalakshmi temple of Hyderabad, is another instance of an existing temple, which was ruined as part of the constructions of Charminar and Jama Masjid. The city got the name ‘Bhagyanagar’ from this temple. Late Chief Minister Sri N.T. Rama Rao also used to refer Hyderabad as ‘Bhagyanagar’. He didn’t invent this name. He only popularized the original name of the city, which existed for long, before him.